A Complete Collection of 34 Common Gemstones

Author: Release time: 2024-05-28 15:57:47 View number: 200

A Complete Collection of 34 Common Gemstones

I have sorted out the gemstones that everyone likes and summarized a complete list of 34 types of gemstones


Diamonds are known as the king of gemstones and are recognized as one of the precious gemstones in the world as well as one of the most beloved gemstones. The colors of diamonds are mainly divided into two color schemes colorless series. which is what we commonly refer to as white diamonds. The colored diamond series includes yellow brown red pink blue green violet black etc.


In the Bible ruby is the most precious among all gemstones. Its fiery red color always associates it with passion and love making it known as the stone of love. symbolizing the beauty eternity and steadfastness of love.


Sapphire and ruby both belong to the corundum family. Except for ruby gemstone grade corundum is called sapphire and has a variety of colors.


Emerald is the most important and precious variety of beryl known as the king of green gemstones by the world. It along with diamonds rubies sapphires and cat's eyes. is considered one of the five treasures bestowed upon humanity by nature. But be careful not to directly call emerald an emerald.

Hai Lan Bao

Hailanbao is a blue gem grade beryl. It is a sisters to emerald as blue as sea water.

Morgan stone

Morgan Stone, a gentle beauty belonging to the beryl family along with emerald and aquamarine, is named after Ming financier Morgan and comes in colors including pink, rose, peach, and orange pink (salmon).


The usage history of spinel is very long. Red spinel was discovered thousands of years ago and has been mistaken for ruby, enjoyed by the royal nobility. It was not until the birth of modern gemology that it was discovered that the red gemstones embedded in antique crowns were actually spinel. In the Qing Dynasty in China, almost all of the red gemstone tops used on the hats of first-class officials were made of red spinel.




Emerald Cat's Eye

Emerald, diamond, ruby, sapphire, and emerald are known as the Five Great Jewels. According to their special optical effects, emerald can be divided into varieties such as emerald, cat's eye, variable stone, and variable stone cat's eye. The most famous one among them is undoubtedly the emerald cat's eye, and only it can be directly called the cat's eye. Bianshi is known as the emerald of the day and the ruby of the night.


The fresh and bright topaz, due to its large size and beautiful color, has been popular since the 18th century and is often embedded in precious jewelry.


Tourmaline, also known as tourmaline, has gained the love of the world for its bright colors, rich colors, and hard texture.


The color of pomegranate varies greatly, with almost all colors except blue. The most common ones are red, magenta, and purple pomegranates. Nowadays, popular among fashionistas, Fendarite orange, Shafulai green, and Emerald Garnet green  also belong to the category of garnet.


This charming blue purple gemstone, discovered in Tanzania in the 1960s, immediately became popular in the gemstone industry due to its beauty and has appeared multiple times in high-end jewelry of major brands.

Moonlight Stone

In Indian mythology, moonstones are formed by solidified moonlight and are said to bring good luck. Due to its internal structure, the illuminated light undergoes refraction and color, causing a phenomenon called the "moonlight effect", which looks like a full moon shining on thin and high clouds, emitting faint moonlight.

Sunlight stone

Sunlight stones usually appear in gold, orange, and orange red, transparent to semi transparent. As the gemstone rotates, it can reflect bright and vivid red or gold reflections, which are like metallic luster. This is called the gold scattering phenomenon, and gemology calls it the sand gold effect.


Olivine is an ancient gemstone variety that the ancient Egyptians used as ornaments over a thousand years ago The ancient Romans called it the jewel of the sun and used it as a talisman to ward off evil. Until now, olivine still holds an important place in the jewelry kingdom with its unique grass green and soft luster.


Turquoise is one of the oldest varieties of jade in the world, and all ancient and brilliant ethnic groups have a history of using turquoise.


Peacock stone is named after its color that resembles peacock feathers. It is very bright in color, consisting of light blue green, bright green, peacock green, dark green, and dark green, often with stripes.

Lapis lazuli

Lapis lazuli appears in dark blue, purple blue, sky blue, green blue, etc. It has a glassy luster to a waxy luster, and is semi transparent to opaque.

Tianhe Stone

Tianhe stone, also known as "Amazon stone", is transparent to semi transparent and has a color ranging from green to blue-green.

 Grape stone

Grape stone, named after its grape like color and shape. Its color ranges from light green to yellow green, which is relatively soft, just like grapes with full fruit. It is clear and crystal clear, with a bright luster that seems translucent but not translucent, occasionally emitting a faint shimmer.

Sea grain stone

The sea grain stone has a soft and soothing blue like the ocean, and its white patterns resembling plaid patterns resemble the sunlight dancing in the Caribbean waters, as well as blue-green mixed with white waves, hence it is called the sea grain stone.

Zircon (hyacinth)

Natural zircon, also known as hyacinth stone, is almost the same age as Earth. Its colors are not only colorless, but also yellow, blue, red, and so on. However, please note that the commonly referred to zircon on the market today is actually made of synthetic cubic zirconia, which has nothing to do with natural zircon.

Agate and chalcedony

Colorful and vibrant agate and chalcedony have a long history of use as gemstones. They all belong to the delicate texture of quartzite jade. Those with stripes are called agate, while those without stripes are called chalcedony.


Cordierite, with a color of blue or light purple, has a glassy luster and is transparent to semi transparent, presenting different colors in different directions.


Diopside is commonly found in shades of blue-green to yellow green, brown, black, purple, colorless to white. In recent years, the bright green figure of diopside can be seen on many light luxury jewelry.


Quartz is one of the most common rock forming minerals in the Earth's crust, and is also a widely used gemstone in the jewelry industry. Among them, single crystal quartz is collectively referred to as crystal in the jewelry industry.


Opal refers to gemstone grade opal with a color changing effect, which has a shiny and brilliant appearance, like a kaleidoscope.


A pearl with soft colors, shining brightly and pure, is a beautiful and precious accessory that does not require any refinement. It has been cherished by humans since ancient times. People praise pearls as the queen of gemstones, and they are a brilliant gem among gemstones.


Coral is a skeleton formed by the accumulation of calcium secreted by coral polyps. In ancient times, red coral was one of the seven treasures of Buddhism, used to make prayer beads or decorate Buddha statues, promoting practice and opening up spiritual intelligence.


Amber is an organic mixture formed by geological processes from the resin of plants in the Pinaceae family from the Cretaceous period to the Tertiary period of the Cenozoic era. Among them, the transparent one is called amber, and the opaque one is called honey wax.

 Hotan Jade

Hotan Jade is the most valuable category of Chinese native jade. In addition to the familiar white, Hotan Jade also has green, yellow, purple, black, etc.


The colors of Xiuyu are green, white, yellow, gray, black, etc. According to the different content of mineral components, it presents a transparent to opaque texture.

Dushan jade

Dushan jade, also known as Nanyang jade or Henan jade, is named after Dushan in Nanyang City, Henan Province. It is a unique variety of jade in China and one of the famous ancient Chinese jade, known as Nanyang jade.


The color and delicate and translucent texture of jadeite have been highly favored by the Qing royal family and nobility since 300 years ago. Many people think it is a traditional jade produced in China, but in fact, China does not produce gemstone grade jade, and all the jade on the market is imported from abroad.

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